Pituitary tumours, also called pituitary adenomas, are the most common cause of pituitary gland disorders. These are abnormal growths that develop in pituitary glands.


Depending on which particular hormones are affected, these are some signs & symptoms might include: 

  • Feeling cold
  • Nausea & loss of body hair
  • Body weakness with loss of consciousness
  • Unexplained weight gain or loss
  • Feeling tired & weak
  • Menstrual changes or loss of menstrual periods in women
  • Erectile dysfunction in males (trouble with infections)
  • Growth of breast tissue and & decreased increase in sex in men
  • Headache & dizziness
  • Loss of peripheral vision with headache


  • Cushing syndrome
  • Adrenal insufficiency (Addison’s disease)
  • Acromegaly
  • Empty sella syndrome
  • GH deficiency
  • FSH & LH Tumors

Non-tumour pituitary diseases like sarcoidosis, histiocytosis & hemochromatosis can infiltrate pituitary gland. 

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